Spring: Mock Environment


What are you going to do if you want to switch profiles between individual tests and not use one set of profiles for the whole test suite?

You cannot use @ActiveProfiles on a method because it only works on on the target TYPE.

You cannot annotate Environment with @MockBean and mock the methods.

However, there is Spring's MockEnvironment annotation but it is not a bean. So how to initialize it gracefully so you can use CDI?

The answer is a simple implementation of ApplicationContextInitializer which allows us to inject MockEnvironment like any other bean:

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextInitializer;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.mock.env.MockEnvironment;

 * Create a initializer for MockEnvironment so it can be autowired.
 * Usage: @ContextConfiguration(initializers = { MockEnvironmentApplicationContextInitializer.class })
public class MockEnvironmentApplicationContextInitializer implements ApplicationContextInitializer<ConfigurableApplicationContext> {

  public void initialize(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
    MockEnvironment mockEnvironment = new MockEnvironment();


Now you are free to annotate MockEnvironment with @Autowired in all of your test classes and programmatically set the environment in each method to your liking.